Ultrasounds are one of the most reliable diagnostic methods in modern medicine.
An ultrasound beam is sent to the body of the patient by the echo sounder, is reflected from several organs of the human body and returns to it as echo. Next, the depiction of the organs on the screen is achieved through a computerized system.
The advantage of this method is that it is painless, quick and above all it doesn’t use radiation like others imaging methods In addition , it is harmless and not very expensive.
Nowadays , we can achieve a diagnosis to a large number of pathological entities in organs and vascular which wasn’t possible in the past, thanks to latest generation machinery.
- Upper abdomen ultra sound
- Lower abdomen ultra sound
- Thyroid ultra sound
- Tucker ultra sound
- Breast ultra sound
- Scrotum ultra sound
- Vascular triplex: abdominal aortic artery triplex, carotid and vertebral arteries, arteries and veins of lower and upper limbs, portal vein and hepatic artery.
No preparation is needed for tucker, breast, scrotum and vascular ultra sound.
The upper abdomen ultra sound includes the following organs: Liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and kidney.
Patients must be without food for eight hours before the examinations (they can only take their medications if so).
In case of a diabetic patient, it is suggested he consults his doctor for further advice.
The lower abdomen ultra sound for women includes uterus, ovaries and urinary bladder. For men this test is focused on urinary bladder, prostate and remaining urine after urination.
The main condition for the lower abdomen test is the filling of the urinary bladder. This can be achieved by drinking five glasses of water one hour before the test and by keeping the bladder full until the end of the test.
The tucker ultra sound apart from the study of the thyroid gland includes the salivary glands (tonsils, submandibular salivary glands) and cervical lymph nodes are checked as well as constructs palpable in soft tissue in the area.
The vascular triplex concerns the arteries of tucker (carotid and vertebral arteries), also the abdomen aorta and the arteries and veins of upper and lower limbs. In the last years, the method mentioned above is implanted to the checking of the visceral vascular (renal arteries, portal vein and hepatic artery).
By the use of colored Doppler we can now determinate the degree of stenosis and the presence of aneurysm in an artery very accurately. Also, we can detect venous thrombosis in presence of swelling of the lower extremeties.